The City of Calhoun, established in 1852, is governed by a Mayor and four council members elected in odd numbered years for individual posts at large. The Mayor and Council meet a minimum of 24 times per year on the second and fourth Monday evening of each month at 7:00 p.m. at the Depot Community Room, 109 South King Street. They set policy and hire the City Administrator and Director of Utilities who report directly to the Mayor and Council. the current elected officials are as follows:
Council Post 1: George R. Crowley
Council Post 2: Al Edwards
Council Post 3: Matt Barton
Council post 4: David Hammond
The Mayor Pro-Tem is selected by the Council at the first meeting in January of each year. The current Mayor Pro-Tem is Council Person Al Edwards.
General Administration includes the functions of the Mayor and Council, City Administrator, Finance, Tax Administrator, General Teller, Human Resources, and Risk Management. Several of these departments serve the entire City and, as included by the City Administrator, have oversight responsibilities to the entire General Government division.
The City of Calhoun also operates a Municipal Court at 100 Piedmont Street. Court is held each Monday evening at 5:00 p.m. in Gordon County's main courtroom. The City contracts for services of a local attorney to serve as judge; a local attorney to serve as City Prosecutor, and a local attorney to provide municipal indigent defense. The City Municipal Court has jurisdiction over traffic violations and city ordinance violations.
Effective July 1, 2005 the City began in-house Probation Services. The Probation Administration office is located in the same building as the Municipal Court Administration office for the convenience of the public.